From the Desk of Jack Healy
Guest Editorial: U.K. Leads, U.S. Lags
Manufacturing & Technology News, July 8, 2005, Vol. 12, No. 13
By Kenan Patrick Jarboe, President, Athena Alliance,
Faced with China’s challenge to domestic manufacturers, the responses of the United Stated and United Kingdom contrast starkly. The UK is seeking a position of leadership in post-industrial manufacturing. Rather than abandoning the sector or surrounding it with protectionist barriers, Chancellor of the Exchequer Gordon Brown has laid out a strategy for using government to help transform it.
In his budget speech earlier this year, Brown called for a package of measures aimed at increasing the contribution of creativity to productivity growth. “ Britain’s economic destiny cannot be founded upon a low-skilled, low-tech economy but depends upon establishing British leadership in skills, science, and the knowledge economy,” said Brown. Many politicians around the world echo this rhetoric, but Brown is backing his words with actions.
Numerous studies in the US – including the Council on Competitiveness’s National Innovation Initiative – have highlighted the importance of government spending on research and development and on the education of scientists and engineers. The UK plans a 10-year program of increased investment in science and technology that, as a key feature, would provide 2.5 billion lire over three years for biotechnology, including stem-cell research.
The budget also includes many steps that in the US would span the ideological spectrum: regulatory reform, simplified business-tax filings, increased assistance to workers, and increased funding for regional-development agencies.
This year’s budget, in fact, goes beyond what the Labour government was proposing just a few years ago. With it, the UK breaks out of the “post-Sputnik” response of focusing solely on S&T, broadening its vision to include the linkage of manufacturing design and creativity. Brown was justifiably impressed by a British Design Council research report that showed design-intensive companies outperformed the FTSE 100, London’s version of the S&P 500, by more than 200 percent over a 10-year period.
His budget proposed a comprehensive review of how small- and medium-sized businesses might improve their creativity, as well as funding for a new design center that would give businesses access to creative talent and design skills. It would also expand the UK Arts Council budget to develop commercial and business leadership skills in cultural organizations and to create a new opportunities for business-arts collaborations.
This view goes beyond the traditional focus on the business of the arts in both the US and the UK. For example, in the US, Americans for the Arts already publishes a report on the contribution of art-centric businesses to the economy. In the UK, a new Louise T. Blouin Center for Creativity is planned for London which will, among other things, look at economic importance of the arts.
What the Labour government is proposing is radically different from the traditional notions of business and the arts. Amounts in the proposed budget are modest by US standards; the Arts Council’s raise, for example, would come to $12 million. Paramount is the recognition of how creative industries can help manufacturing and the resolve to move ahead with programs to facilitate these linkages. With these steps, the government is signaling that it understands that the country’s economy will rise or fall on how well it utilizes its creative talents in all sectors of the economy, especially manufacturing.
What has been the US response to the same challenge? The President’s proposed budget for fiscal year 2006 almost eliminated the Manufacturing Extension Partnership – the premier program for helping small- and medium-sized manufacturers better compete – and flatlines non-military R&D spending. Moreover, while the private-sector gets it – as evidenced by the newly created Stanford Institute of Design that combines business, engineering, social sciences, and the arts – the link between manufacturing and creativity is an unknown concept in Washington.
There seems to be a blind belief that, as part of an Ownership Society, the US can exist as a royalty economy. The argument goes that the US will pay for imported manufactured goods by collecting royalty payments from abroad for all its intellectual property. This vision of the US as intellectual landlord to the rest of the world is chimera. Yes, the US runs a surplus in royalty payments, but imports of intellectual property, in the form of royalties paid to others, are rising about as fast as exports. Clearly, the US is not the sole possessor of intellectual property.
Whether the British strategy will work is unknown. Reinventing manufacturing for the information economy will require much more than a couple of design schools. Manufacturing will need to become much more thinking-intensive. But the British understand that creativity and design can give birth to new services and industries, as well as reinvigorate old ones. At least they recognize the challenge and are moving to implement a strategic response. In the US, we simply drift.
We can end that drift. We can take a page out of Gordon Brown’s playbook and craft a new economic strategy for our new economic situation. The first step might be to revive Sen. Joseph Lieberman’s idea put forward last year of establishing a Commission on the Future of the U.S. Economy. This wouldn’t entail massive new spending. Nor would it even require legislation. President Bush could bring it about with the stroke of a pen, the same way President Reagan created the President’s Commission on Industrial Competitiveness.
The Young Commission, as that panel was known, crafted a bipartisan strategy and framework that guided our economic competitiveness strategy for two decades.
© 2005, Manufacturing & Technology News, reprinted with permission.